Revision of Complications of Bariatric Surgery
What are the complications associated with bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery complications are usually categorized as immediate risks which include bleeding, staple line or anastomotic leak, Deep Vein Thrombosis, injury to neighboring organs (like esophagus and spleen), shoulder pain; and delayed risks such as Pneumonia, Abdominal Infections and Pulmonary Embolism. These risks are common to all abdominal laparoscopic surgeries and not just bariatric surgery complications. The risks associated specifically with bariatric surgery (bariatric surgery complications/side-effects) are chest pain, abdominal hernia, constipation or diarrhea, stoma obstruction, stretching of the stomach and reoperation for various reasons.
Can bariatric surgery complications be controlled?
Majority of the bariatric surgery complications are minor, and may prolong in-hospital stay by a day or two. These are usually treated with medications. Some complications, however, may have to be corrected surgically. These include staple line leaks, injury to surrounding organs, stomal obstruction, and gall stone formation. Hence, bariatric surgeries are best performed in a quaternary care centre, with 24 hour access to all possible medical facilities. Bariatric surgery complications are treatable when picked up early. A close follow up with your primary surgeon will always help avoiding bariatric surgery complications.
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